Evolution of a Creationist
EARTH'S PRE-FLOOD WATER CANOPY
can remember one particular lunch period sitting in my office at Baylor College
of Dentistry studying Genesis 1. Those dental students had asked me to explain
to them what God meant in verses 6-8a. How often we read the Bible but don't
really think about what it says. As I studied these verses, I realized that I
didn't know quite what they were saying. Here is what the Bible says:
God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide
the waters from the waters.
God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament
from the waters which
were above the firmament: and it was so.
God called the firmament Heaven." (Gen.1:6-8a)
says God divided the waters and put some water above the firmament (heaven 1:8a)
and left some water under the firmament. What is this firmament? Genesis 1:20
God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath
life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of
expanse or firmament of Genesis 1:7 may be the open heavens of Genesis 1:20
where the birds fly around. Now, there are several views and different
interpretations in these Genesis verses, but the one that seems to make the most
sense to me is this: God separated the waters that covered the earth in the
beginning and left some on earth and put some up above where the birds fly. If
this water was in the form of water vapor, it would have made the heaven and
earth system #1 similar to a giant terrarium. There would have been no rain! And
what does the Bible say? Genesis 2:6: "But
there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the
ground." That is the exact effect expected if the earth was surrounded
by a water vapor canopy: a morning mist would form. Genesis 2:5b is more
specific: "...for the Lord God had
not caused it to rain upon the earth." No rain, therefore no rainbow!
Heaven and earth system #1 was obviously different from our present system,
rainbow was the perfect object for God to use as the sign of His covenantal
promise of no more global floods. Noah had never seen a rainbow in the clouds
before the flood, because it had never rained. After the flood, when the canopy
had collapsed during the forty days and nights of rain, Noah was in heaven and
earth system #2, and was therefore experiencing our weather: rain and rainbows.
He also would experience the difference between pre-flood system #1's heavy
atmospheric pressure and system #2's post-flood lighter atmospheric pressure --
the latter causing rapid fermentation of alcohol and quite possibly the reason
for Noah's drunkenness.
pre-flood canopy probably consisted of water vapor. There are other theories,
but we must keep in mind that the birds were flying in the expanse under this
water, and one must be able to see through the water. The sun, moon and stars
were visible to Adam and to Noah, in view of the fact that Genesis 1:14 states
that they would serve as signs.
vapor is clear, unlike clouds or steam. A little experiment to prove this point
can be accomplished in your kitchen by filling a tea-kettle with water and
putting it on the stove to boil. When steam begins coming out of the spout, look
closely at the very tip of the spout. You will see about one-half to one inch of
clear 212°F. water vapor before it
becomes cloudy steam. This may have been the form of the water that God put
above the firmament in which the birds flew around.
THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT
a water-vapor canopy, heaven and earth system #1 would be considerably different
than our present system (#2). A greenhouse effect would be expected due to the
heat generated by the sun-warmed canopy. Is there any evidence that greenhouse
warmth once surrounded our globe? Palm tree fossils have been found in Alaska
and broad leaf ferns in the Arctic. How could a palm tree fossil be in Alaska?
Some scientists have postulated they travelled there on the tectonic plate
(earth crust) movement over millions of years. But these trees are not millions
of years old! A creationist would say, "No problem, palm trees grew in
Alaska in the tropical world before the Flood." These trees were buried
during the Flood of Noah's day resulting in their fossilization.
have found tropical forests and coal deposits in Antarctica. Ninety-foot plum
trees which were quick frozen and over ninety feet in height with green leaves
have been found in the New Siberian islands where, today, only one-inch high
willows grow [see Charles Hapgood, The Mystery of the Frozen Mammoths;
from Bassett Digby, The Mammoth and Mammoth Hunting Grounds in Northeast
Siberia (N.Y.: Appleton, 1926), pp. 150-151].
these frigid zones many trees, some fossilized and some quick-frozen, have been
found with rings, signifying rapid, warm temperature growth. The Evolutionist
asks, "How did they get here?" The Creationist says, "They grew
there before the Flood when the earth was pole to pole greenhouse warm."
water vapor canopy may have more than doubled atmospheric pressure on earth. In
this environment of heavier atmospheric pressure, healing would be more
efficient. Many hospitals have pressurized rooms called Hyperbaric Rooms. Into
these rooms oxygen is pumped under pressure and healing is miraculously speeded
up. Very sick people and the severely burned are treated in this high pressure
environment. In the pre-flood, high efficiency
atmosphere, reptiles could have grown to immense sizes, giant flying creatures
could have flown more easily, and gigantism would have been much more likely.
GREAT DINOSAUR MYSTERY
has a problem called The Great Dinosaur Mystery. Where did the great dinosaurs
come from; how did they grow so big; and, if it is "survival of the
fittest", why did these powerful creatures become extinct?
creationist would answer, "no problem". God created the giant reptiles
and may have referred to one or two of them which existed in Job's day (see Job
40:15 - 41:34). Reptiles do not have a built-in growth inhibiting factor like
other animals and man. The dinosaurs would have continued growing as long as
they lived. The older they got, the bigger they grew. Reptiles function best, as
cold-blooded animals, in warm temperature climates. God created large reptiles
which kept growing in an efficient high pressure atmosphere with plenty of
warmth and unlimited supplies of lush vegetation to eat and nothing to eat them.
The Bible says,
to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing
that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green
herb for meat...." (Genesis 1:30)
indicates that all animals ate plants, not flesh, before the Flood. Plants
themselves are a testimony to God's creative genius. They start as a seed and
take dirt, water, air and sunshine and are converted into roses, rubber and
rhubarb! And these incredible factories not only do not pollute the environment,
but they silently clean the air and replenish it with life-supporting oxygen.
Oh, the wonders of the God of all creation! It was only after the flood that God
gave permission to eat flesh "Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the
green herb have I given you all things" (Genesis 9:3). Nothing ate the
dinosaurs before the Flood, and they had bounteous vegetation as food. They,
therefore, could grow to great size during a long lifetime of hundreds of years.
Even Tyrannosaurus rex ate plants, not other dinosaurs, before the flood. The
textbook pictures of this great dinosaur eating another reptile are not based on
scientific method and are not supported with factual information. The three to
five inch long teeth of the Tyrannosaurus rex have roots which are too short to
support a meat-tearing, bone-crunching diet. Tyrannosaurus most probably was a
vegetarian (at least before the flood of Noah, Genesis 1:29, 30) and used his
long sharp teeth to strip leaves from plants. After the flood, these reptiles
could never grow so huge. The lighter atmosphere (the weighty canopy came down
as rain water at the flood), cooler average temperature and predators would
prevent long life and excessive size.
the way, did you know that there never was a dinosaur called
"Brontosaurus"? Brontosaurus fooled the scientific community for many,
many years. It turned out to be the head of one creature and the body of
another. The evolutionary community was too embarrassed to admit this mistake
for more than fifty years. Brontosaurus does not appear in most new textbooks.
recent years some evolutionists have postulated that dinosaurs were
warm-blooded, not cold-blooded creatures. Warm-blooded dinosaurs have been
proposed because scientists are beginning to realize that 300,000 pound
cold-blooded creatures do not and could not exist in our environment. There is
not enough air pressure to enable their blood to circulate properly. Somehow an
important fact has escaped the notice of these evolutionists (or they are
"willingly ignorant," II Peter 3:5). The fact is these huge reptiles
would have had no problem thriving in the warm, high pressure atmosphere of
system #1. The big ones went into extinction after the Great Flood. It is not
politically correct for an evolutionist to believe that the universal Flood of
Noah's day actually happened. Belief in the Flood is grounds for dismissal from
your job or cancellation of your grants. So the evolutionist is left to
speculate regarding "The Great Dinosaur Mystery", whereas the
creationist has a valid, scientifically testable position -- the environmental
differences between system #1 and system #2.
may have theorized that warm-blooded dinosaurs would solve their dilemma, but
recent research indicates that the giant reptiles were cold-blooded as are all
reptiles to this day. The Dallas Morning News of March 21, 1994 (p.9-D)
reported that three University of Pennsylvania paleontologists have published
their view (in Nature magazine) that ..."dinosaurs...were probably
cold-blooded..." This is a blow to the evolutionist's dream of solving the
mystery of these huge creatures! Of course if you wait a few days some other
evolutionary scientists will refute his colleagues' position. Evolutionists keep
batting this "warm-blooded" or "cold-blooded" idea back and
forth. The Dallas Morning News of July 11, 1994 (page 7-D) published a
review by science reporter Matt Crenson of a July 1994
article. The review is partially quoted here:
rex had a stable body temperature, a new study shows, suggesting that the
largest terrestrial carnivore was warm-blooded.
E. Barrick and William J. Showers of North Carolina State University in Raleigh
studied Tyrannosaurus bones uncovered in the rocks of the Hell Creek Formation
in eastern Montana...
remarkable consistency of the oxygen isotopes in the dinosaur's bones
demonstrate that its body temperature never varied by more than about 7 degrees
Fahrenheit, the North Carolina researchers wrote last week in Nature. If
Montana's seasons were anywhere near as variable 70 million years ago, when
Tyrannosaurus lived, as they are today, a creature with such a stable body
temperature would have had to be warm-blooded."
creationist might say that a stable body temperature in a giant cold-blooded
reptile is consistent with the creationist view that the earth's temperature was
uniformly warm in the tropical pre-Flood heaven and earth system number one.
Creationists would expect to find "...remarkable consistency of the oxygen
isotopes in the dinosaur's bones...". Apparently these evolutionistic
researchers would rather pretend that cold-blooded reptiles were actually
warm-blooded than to consider the pre-Flood pole-to-pole greenhouse warm
condition of earth (6,000 years ago, not 70 million years ago) as presented by
the creationist model.
giant flying reptiles such as the pterosaurs (pterodactyls and pteranodons)
would be unable to fly in our present atmosphere. They needed a heavier
atmosphere to get enough air to lift them with their 40 to 50-foot wingspans.
Heaven and earth system #1 would have provided the heavier atmospheric pressure
necessary for the flight of these huge creatures. Evolutionists say we don't
know how these giant reptiles could have flown in our atmosphere. To a
creationist, this is not a problem. Heaven and earth system #1, before the water
canopy came down at the flood of Noah's day, would have provided the air density
needed for these huge creatures to fly. In order to protect their jobs the
evolutionists dare not even suggest the global flood of Noah's day as part of
the solution to their problems, and yet the Flood supplies the explanation for
what we "see". We even read in our older history books about ancient
cultures which taught a global flood.
was common in the heavy pre-flood atmosphere. Fossil dragonflies with a 32-inch
wingspan have been discovered and would be a frightful bug to hit your
windshield! The hornless rhinoceros grew to about "...seventeen feet high
and nearly thirty feet long!"
Giant sabre-toothed tigers, mastodons and woolly mammoths roamed the earth
side-by-side with the great dinosaurs.
lived during the age of the dinosaurs. In cretaceous rock strata of the Paluxy
River bottom near Glen Rose, Texas, human and dinosaur footprints have been
found crisscrossing each other. Much has been said about these footprints
because, if authentic, they prove in solid rock that man and dinosaur lived at
the same time. If accepted as genuine, they are a fatal blow in rock to
evolution. They are proof that evolution is a false speculation of man! Most
textbooks claim that the dinosaurs became extinct about 60 or 70 million years
before man stepped onto the scene and into his footprints. Dinosaur and human
footprints crisscrossing each other in the same rock strata destroys the
evolutionary belief that over a period of millions of years man evolved from his
ancient reptilian ancestors!
Texas scientists have sectioned (cut into slices of rock) one of these human
footprints. Carl Baugh and Don Patton discovered that the rock under the
footprints shows pressure structures (called laminations). These pressure
structures are exactly what a scientist would expect to find surrounding a human
footprint! The human prints (and there are many) are not "carved" into
the river-bed and neither arethe dinosaur prints.
the summer of 1993 Drs. Patton and Baugh noticed eleven and one-half inch long
human footprints (people have feet that big today) stepping along - left, right,
left, right - inside giant three-toed dinosaur prints. Someone was walking in
the soft mud of fresh dinosaur tracks! One of the tracks shows in rock the human
footprint beside the dinosaur track. Apparently the person got
"side-tracked" and missed one dinosaur print, but got back "on
track" for his next step. These footprints are conclusive, hard, observable
evidence that man and dinosaurs walked the earth simultaneously. For a while The
Humanist magazine had discredited these Paluxy River footprints to the
extent that creationists withdrew their articles and films (a good film
documenting the footprints is entitled Footprints in Stone). The summer
of 1993 work by Drs. Baugh and Patton should put the shoe back on the other
foot! Contact Dr. Don Patton for the incredible account of how several of the
footprints (but not all) were destroyed by an overly threatened evolutionist
attempting to "...suppress the truth...".
14:12 tells us that "There is a way
which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death."
Evolutionists travel to Glen Rose, Texas and examine the human and dinosaur
footprints side by side or overlapped with each other in cretaceous rock, and
they concoct foolish speculations rather than bow their knees and heads before
their Creator who told us all that dinosaurs and humans existed together on the
sixth day of the creation week. The Bible teaches that man and dinosaur shared
the same earth at the same time (Genesis 1). This presents no difficulty since
those giant creatures ate only plants before the Flood! In the early days of His
creation, God prevented animals from eating each other or man, since He purposed
to fill the earth with His creatures.
evidence to support the fact that people and dinosaurs lived at the same time in
history is the cave paintings of dinosaurs. How could a "pre-historic"
man or woman paint a picture of a dinosaur if he or she had never seen one? The
Institute for Creation Research (ICR) circulates an excellent video documenting
the cave drawings of dinosaurs.
result of the water (vapor?) being above the firmament in which the birds fly
would be the shielding effect from cosmic radiation. Scientists have studied how
much solar radiation is filtered by water. Their conclusions are reported by
Joseph Dillow in his book, The Waters Above: Earth's Pre-Flood Water Vapor
Canopy. In heaven and earth system #1, people could live to be very old. One
of the primary aging factors is solar radiation. By filtering out the harmful
radiation (as a water canopy would do) humans might be able to live close to
Bible reports that Adam died at 930 years of age and Methuselah lived almost
l,000 years. After the flood, the ages of people dropped off drastically to an
average of 70 to 80 years. A lot of people think that you cannot believe the
Bible when it says people lived to be 800 or 900 years old -- that it must be a
different kind of year or the writer did not know quite what he was talking
about. Those old ages are 360-day years just like the Bible says (compare
Genesis 7:11 and 8:3,4).
You can believe the Bible as it is written. Some present-day researchers who
study longevity of life believe that humans could live that long again if we
were sheltered from the harmful effects of the sun and the now polluted air.
shielding by the water canopy above the atmosphere where the birds fly would
also affect dating techniques. Negligible amounts of carbon 14 would have formed
before the flood.
That means that carbon 14 dating techniques would be totally worthless after
5,000 years or so. More about dating techniques later.
For more information about "Hyperbaric Therapy" see: J. C. Davis,
"Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy," Journal
of Intensive Care Medicine, 4 (1989), 55-57. Also:
of Hyperbaric Medicine, ed. K. K. Jain (Toronto: Hogrefe and Huber
Pubs., 1990), p. 492. Also: Hyperbaric
Oxygen Therapy: A Committee Report (UHMS PUB 30 CRHOB), ed. J. T. Mader
(Bethesda: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc., 1989), p. 90.
Most of my
comments about the effects of the vapor canopy came from Dr.
excellent discussion of the effects of the vapor canopy in
Water's Above: Earth's Pre-Flood Water Vapor Canopy (Moody Press, 1982).
Unlocking the Mysteries of
Creation, pp. 28,29.
For more information about Glen Rose and the human footprints, contact:
Don R. Patton at the Metroplex Institute of Origin Science, Inc. (MIOS),
P.O. Box 550953, Dallas, TX 75355-0953 and Dr. Carl E. Baugh at the Creation
Evidences Museum and Archaeological Excavations, P.O. Box 309, Glen Rose,
Texas 76043 (817) 897-3200.
In Genesis 7:11, the flood began on the seventeenth day of the second month
and in the seventh month on the seventeenth day (five months later) as
recorded in Genesis 8:4, the ark rested on Ararat. According to Genesis 8:3,
these five months included 150 days -- 150 days divided by five months = 30
days in a month; 30 days x 12 months = 360 days in an Old Testament year.
Institute for Creation Research is most helpful and has several different
publications dealing with dating techniques. Every family should subscribe
to the I.C.R. monthly newsletter, Acts
and Facts, Institute for Creation Research, P.O. Box 2667, El Cajon, CA
92021 (619) 448-0900.