Inspirational Readings for Your Daily Walk with God:

Christian Mediation

 "These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so." Acts 17:11

"Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth." 2 Timothy 2:15

CREATION SPEAKS

8. After the Flood

AS Noah and his family came forth from the ark, the sight that met their eyes must have been strange indeed. The ragged surface of the soaked earth bore little resemblance to the beautiful world they had left when they had entered the ark more than a year before. But if they could have seen the earth as a whole, as the geographer and the geologist sees it, they would have marveled still more at the changes that had taken place. 

The surface of the earth had been so modified that no trace of the old familiar landmarks remained. Instead, new continents had arisen, with vast stretches of wide ocean between them. Great delta plains marked the mouths of huge swollen rivers, and barren stretches of drying earth gave rise to immense clouds of dust as the winds swept over their wild expanses. Chains of volcanoes threw their ashes and cinders into the air, and the clouds of dust obscured the sun as they drifted out over the landscape.

The closing days of the Flood had been marked by the most stupendous of all its terrifying activities. As the mountains had arisen and the seas retreated, the basins left everywhere were full of thick mud in which floated the mangled, disintegrating bodies of men and animals. To allow this mass of debris to lie unburied would be to fill the earth with vile refuse and a stench that would make it totally unfit for habitation. And so, as the very last act in the prolonged drama, there came a mighty rushing wind, accompanied by the force of rolling tidal waves that swept over the lands. 

The force of the wind was so great that it picked up the dust and earth in huge clouds, it scooped out the mud and bones from the hollows, it carried away the jagged tops of the hills, and mixing mud, sand, bones, and rocks together in one heterogeneous mass, drove the sticky, gummy mixture along as if it had been forced from some huge nozzle. The tidal waves that accompanied and followed the wind spread the cement like mass far and wide, over rocks and hills and across valleys. Valleys were filled, and in places the rivers were dammed up and their courses changed.

What is the evidence for all this? In any geology textbook one may read about the “drift” or the “till.” This hardpan, as it is commonly called, is adequately explained only in terms of the great wind spoken of in the Flood record. The geologists have entirely overlooked this cause for the drift, for in their uniformitarian theory there is nothing to suggest such wind action. But the record is there in Genesis, and when we apply it to geological problems we find that the explanation it offers for the drift is strikingly simple and easy to understand.

CAUSE OF THE ICE AGE

The climate after the Flood must have been much different from what we know at present. The interior basins, occupying one fifth of the land surface, would have been full of water. By this means the climate would have been made much cooler and damper than now. The vast extent of volcanic activity would have increased the cooling effect, because of the clouds of dust continually added to the fog and clouds already present. Also, the eruptions would have thrown vast quantities of water vapor into the atmosphere. The lava flows, still hot from their recent extrusion from the earth, would rapidly evaporate any water that came in contact with them.

With these facts before us, we can readily comprehend how there would have been rainfall and snowfall hundreds of times as great as now. The summers would be so short and so cool that in the northern lands the snow could not melt off before winter came again. Thus there would have taken place a gradually increasing thickness of snow and ice, not only in the mountains but also in the lowlands. The effect of the accumulation of ice would be to set up anticyclonic winds, which, blowing outward over the ice would cause still further deposit of snow along the margins. In this way a literal ice sheet, popularly known as a “continental glacier,” would develop.

Geologists describe the last of the “geological periods,” the Pleistocene, as the glacial period, and postulate four main successions of ice, with warmer periods in between, the whole occupying about 100,000 years. But a careful study of the so-called glacial debris indicates that the first three “glacial” ages can be attributed to the wind and the wave action accompanying it at the close of the Flood. The fourth glaciation is the only one that partakes unquestionably of the nature of true ice action.

The evidence for this conclusion lies principally in the fact that the "lower drift,” commonly attributed to the first three divisions of the glacial period, is not of the nature of true glacial debris. In many ways it resembles water deposit rather than ice deposit. On the other hand, the fourth division shows true glacial evidences, very much like those seen in any modern glacial region.

In many parts of the world are deposits of loess, or wind-blown dust, on top of the rocks and the glacial debris. The loess covers much of the hill country east of the Mississippi, is found in widely scattered areas in central Europe, and is hundreds of feet deep in western China. A person can easily understand how in the days following the Flood this deposit could have been formed, as violent winds swept unchecked over great areas of barren land not yet covered with vegetation. Especially prominent are the loess deposits around the margins of the glaciated areas, where the fine dust produced by the grinding action of the ice furnished abundant material for the wind to scatter far and wide.

PREHISTORIC MAN

Geologists have tried to portray these early men of the wilderness as primitive ancestors through whom man arose from the apes. From a discovery made in Java and consisting of a portion of a skull, a few teeth, and a thighbone was reconstructed a primitive creature named Pithecanthropus, or the ape man.

But although this find has since been supplemented by others of like nature, there is nothing to indicate that it was actually the forerunner of more civilized man. In fact, studies recently made in the Far East, Java, Burma, India, Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt fail utterly to support the supposed evolutionary origin of the early city cultures. It is apparent that both the city civilizations and the crude cave and terrace populations existed side by side.

The Neanderthals and the Cro-Magnons in Central Europe, two races that occupied the country at an early date, seem to have migrated there in order, and to have been succeeded directly by the pre-Roman peoples. There is no evidence for any evolutionary relationship whatsoever.

The Neanderthal race was of peculiar character. Approximately one hundred skeletons, partial or complete, have been found, usually in caves or in camp sites, where they were buried. They were a short people, about five feet in height, with heavy torso and long arms. The most peculiar feature was the heavy ridge of bone extending over the eyes. Nothing like this is known in modern man. The forehead was low, and the cranial capacity somewhat less than in present-day human skulls.

In Europe the Neanderthal remains are found all over the central portion, including parts of France, Spain, Germany, and Austria. Hundreds of thousands of artifacts-flint arrowheads, spears, knives, etc.-have been recovered from their camp sites. These people lived by the chase, as bones of hundreds of thousands of animals are found around their camps.

In many localities the Neanderthal remains are succeeded immediately by skeletons and artifacts of the Cro-Magnons, who were much different in appearance. They were about six feet tall, straight and well-formed, and with high brows and intelligent features. Their tools were of superior quality. In many caves the walls are covered with artistic drawings of the animals of their times. There is every reason to believe that they. were migrants that drove out or destroyed the degenerate Neanderthals.

In many of the caves in Central Europe have been found layers of debris with a succession of artifacts. The lower layers are of the crude type used by the Neanderthal race. Following them are the better implements of the Cro-Magnon race. Then come still better tools of bone and copper and iron, sometimes accompanied by pottery. There is a definite succession from the Neanderthals to the Romans.

The evolutionist has assumed that these types of human beings and the layers of debris in the caves represent the evolution of human civilization from the Old Stone Age to the Bronze and Iron Ages of pre-Roman times. But the facts can as readily be explained on the basis of migrating races after the Flood.

There is no proof whatsoever that there was any evolutionary sequence among these different races. The same is true when we consider the civilizations of Egypt, Palestine, and Mesopotamia. In all these countries are found evidence of Neanderthal people who inhabited the margins of the valleys in their earlier times. But there is no proof that there was a Neanderthal period in the cities. The lowest levels of the cities of these countries show a highly developed civilization, with pottery, gold, silver, and copper vessels, bronze implements, etc. The evolutionary interpretation of ancient civilizations completely breaks down when the facts are fully known.

The postdiluvian period not only involved changes in the earth’s surface and in human races, but in plants and animals as well. Doubtless some of these changes occurred quickly, while others took place over long periods of time.

MIGRATION OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

When God first made the animals and man, He commanded them to multiply and replenish the earth. This process had to be repeated after the Flood, but under much different conditions. The surface of the earth was changed, its climatic and soil conditions were different, and living creatures would have to meet many new problems that did not exist originally.

One point should be remembered: The land animals had to spread out from the “mountains of Ararat” where the ark rested, but plants sprang up in many localities where seeds and fragments were preserved. Thus the problems of distribution are much different in the two groups.

Reference has already been made to the distribution of the wolves, foxes, and jackals over the earth. In like manner we can understand how all groups of animals have been scattered abroad, leaving various species along the way.

The nature of the life on oceanic islands illustrates well the way in which life has changed during the centuries. The Cape Verde Islands, 900 miles from Portugal, have plants and animals like those on the Continent. In like manner Bermuda, 700 miles from North Carolina, has American types. The Galapagos Islands, between 500 and 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador, have species distinctively related to those of the mainland. However, each island has its own peculiarities, certain species being restricted to certain islands.

The island of St. Helena, 1,100 miles from Africa and 1,800 miles from South America, is unlike either continent. The Hawaiian Islands more than 2,000 miles from the nearest continent, are still more distinct, having the greatest divergence of any.

The effect of isolation in separating species one from the other is seen in a striking manner in Southeastern Asia. In the Philippines, with 30 large islands and more than 3,000 small ones, more than 1,000 species of land snails occur in 115,000 square miles. On the mainland, in Indo-China and Thailand, only 600 species exist in 500,000 square miles.

Where lakes and streams are cut off from contact with others, interesting species changes are observed. The lakes of Ireland and northern Britain have a great variance in trout, each lake having its own peculiar species. In the Kern River basin in the southern Sierra Nevada region of California a lava flow has cut off the headwaters of the stream, so that fish could not ascend from the lower portions. The golden trout in the high part of the basin are different from those anywhere else in the world, but are apparently derived from the same stock as the trout of the lower streams of these mountains.

All these facts fit in perfectly with the Flood viewpoint, and do not require that we accept the theory of evolution in order to interpret them.

The distribution of plant life may be as satisfactorily explained on the Flood theory. One example will suffice for illustration. The plant genus Vernonia is distributed widely over the middle and eastern United States, and consists of several species. There is clear evidence that these have arisen from common ancestry in the vicinity of Texas. One species, V. fasciculata, is found in the low wet valleys of the northern Mississippi basin. Another, V. missourica, grows on the dry prairies from Texas to Michigan. A third, V. altissima, is found in the moist woodlands of the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys and as far cast as New York. In much of their ranges these species are isolated from one another and do not mingle. But in the central portion there has been formed V. illinoensis, apparently as a hybrid complex resulting from the crossing of the other three. This conclusion has been reached by a comparison of both the external characteristics and the number of chromosomes of the species mentioned.

Here is a case where one original group of plants has migrated from its original home and has split up into several species. Then some of these have recombined to form a new hybrid species. This is probably what has happened in hundreds of cases.

The presence of the marsupials in Australia and of the tapir in South America and Malaya have been the cause of much speculation. However, if we study the problem in the light of the spread of animal life from the region of Ararat, the problem is not so great as is generally supposed. There is no doubt that for a considerable length of time after the Flood there were land bridges between all the continents, except possibly for a narrow deep channel separating Australia from Asia. As the animals migrated in all directions, the groups became separated, and those of intermediate areas were destroyed. 

This explains the two groups of tapirs. The marsupials probably found themselves unable to compete with their predator enemies in most of the world, but having become established in Australia, they were protected by the water barriers that widened until their enemies could not reach them. One has only to suppose that all animals did not spread at equal rates, in order to understand how the marsupials could become the main inhabitants of Australia, whereas the predators did not become established there.

CONTINUE