Inspirational Readings for Your Daily Walk with God:

Christian Mediation

 "These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so." Acts 17:11

"Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth." 2 Timothy 2:15

Why We Believe in Creation

not in Evolution

by Fred John Meldau

Chapter 15. 

        A SUMMARY OF THE FACTS AND ARGUMENTS AGAINST EVOLUTION AND IN FAVOR OF DIVINE CREATION

            We believe the evidence presented proves conclusively that the Universe, the world and all life thereon, including man, were brought into being by Divine fiat; and that the orderly profession of life on earth from the lower forms (microscopic protozoa) to the higher forms, up to and including man, is not the result of evolution ("random changes," "chance mutations," and "natural selection"), producing through long ages of time the gradual transformism of one genus into another — the lower into the higher — but is the result of special creation.

            It is evident that the Creator arranged all life on earth into distinct families of interbreeding, reproducing populations; and though there is great flexibility within each species, resulting in many varieties, breeds, races and strains (from genetic mutations), there is an impassable chemical barrier (Luther Burbank) that prohibits transmutation of one family into another.  There are innumerable "horizontal" varieties within the species, but there is no "vertical" transmutation from one genus to another.  In the words of the Bible, each "kind" (genus, or family) of life on earth is created with its own type of life that reproduces persistently "after its kind" (Genesis 1:11, 12, etc) and it will not deviate therefrom other than in the flexibility of many varieties in each "kind" of life.  (See chapter 1).

            The science of genetics teaches us that the chromosomes of each type of life are numbered and keyed; that is, each type of life has its own characteristic chromosomes that will not mix with a different type of chromosome.  That excludes the possibility of "transmutation (macromutation) of genera."  It also forbids the interbreeding of diverse populations.  At the same time, the genes are the bearers of heredity characteristics, and afford limitless possibility of variety in the individuals of a certain species.  (See chapters 1 and 5).

            This explains why Prof., Coultre's statement is true:

            "The most fundamental objection to the theory of natural selection is that it cannot originate characters; it only selects among characters already existing."

            Therefore, there are many varieties (due to gene mutations) and the transmission of hereditary characteristics from both parents; but there is no possibility of transmutation (macromutation) of one genus into another, for :"natural selection" and "gene mutations" do not originate characters or organs. (See chapter 1).

            Evolution is, as many evolutionists themselves have admitted, "an unproven, unprovable hypothesis."  It fails utterly to account for the following facts and phenomena:

            (1)  Evolution has no explanation for the origin of the Universe.  There is scientific proof that the Universe had a beginning.  "Nothing" cannot create "something."  Sheer logic forces us to accept the teaching of Genesis 1:1.

            "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." 

            (2)  All matter in the Universe — suns, moons, planets, etc., — is in constant motion.  Someone of infinite power had to put that matter into its present motion.  Inactive objects, like the stones lying on the ground, do not start themselves moving.

            (3)  The stars, planets, comets, etc., in the Universe are under controlled motion, kept in their orbits by the interplay of two important laws: gravitation and inertia.  "Laws" demand a Lawgiver.  A Supreme Being is behind the laws of the universe that keep the heavenly bodies "balanced: and functioning smoothly.

            The various and sundry "laws" of chemistry and physics are dependable and have enabled men to make such wonders as the electron microscope, nuclear power plants, the telescope, and a million more wonders of modern science.  The "laws" of nature show the presence in the Universe of a Supreme Lawgiver. (See chapters 3, 4).

            (4)  Between lifeless inorganic matter and life is a vast chasm that could only be spanned by Divine creation.  There is no such thing as "spontaneous generation," because the first forms of life on earth had to be preceded by highly complex "protein molecules," and these protein molecules can come only from previous, organic life — from cells.  (See the last part of chapter 4).

            (5)  The observable law of nature is not evolution, but, entropy, the tendency of all things to move toward more and more randomness, the universal trend to "run down."  This can be seen in all the universe: from the stars that are gradually "burning out" to the elements, like uranium, that is slowly degenerating into lead.  Scientists call this universal tendency toward randomness, the "Second law of Thermodynamics."  (See chapter 4, last part).

            (6)  There is an impassable gulf between inorganic matter and the amazing viruses.  (See chapter 6).

            (7)  There is an impassable gulf between viruses and bacteria. (See chapter 5).

            (8)  There is an impassable gap between bacteria and the somatic cell, the basis of all higher plant and animal life. (chapter 5).

            (9)  There is an impassable gap between protozoa, like the ameba, that multiply by mitosis (simple cell division) and the higher forms of life that propagate and multiply by sex.  (chapter 13).

            (10)  There is an impassable gap between all animal phyla, and all plant divisions, and there are impassable gulfs between all classes, and between all families, and all genera.  As a matter of fact there are impassable gulfs even between different species of protozoa!  They are so radically different, it is impossible to find connecting links between them, or from any other form of life.

            According to the theory of evolution, there should be innumerable intermediary stages between all forms of life — but there are none, neither in the world of nature nor in the fossil world.

            The problem presented by these innumerable "missing links" is enormous.  How, for instance, did the scales of reptiles evolve into birds' feathers, as evolutionists teach?  And how is the evolutionist going to account for the great gulf between the mind of an ape and the mind of man?

            (11)  The so-called "simpler" forms of life are not simple at all, but are highly complex!  All things in the universe — from the atom to blazing nebulae — are highly complex.  All microscopic forms of life: viruses, bacteria, the somatic cell, and the vastly complicated protein molecules, are incredibly intricate.

            Read about the minute intricacies of the somatic cell (chapter 5) and be convinced that there are no "simple" forms of life — all life, all creation, bears the hallmark of creation: a wellnigh infinite complexity.  This fact of course refutes the concept of many that "the simpler forms of life evolved into the more complex."

            (12)  The marvelous wonders of the atom — with its more than 75 infinitestimal particles and resonances; protons, neutrons, electrons, pions, mesons, etc., — assure us that an infinite God is the Creator of the Universe.  Such incredible wonders could not "just happen,"  (See chapter 4).

            (13).  Our orderly, well-planned world, having WATER (practically unknown in the rest of the universe), a well-balanced atmosphere, almost 100 necessary and useful elements, and climactic conditions permitting life on earth, gives us abundant evidence that our world is unique in the universe, and was designed by an all-wise and all-powerful Architect for human and animal habitation.  "Special design demands a Designer."  (See chapter 3).

            (14)  The presence of life on earth in such great abundance and variety, constantly maintained in an obviously well-planned and finely "balanced" and interdependent economy, in which plants support animals and animals support plants, and both support mankind, witnesses to the superintendence of a Master Mind. (See chapter 7).

            (15)  The miracle of "interdependence" as seen in the phenomenon of cross-pollination is a most interesting witness to the fact of Divine creation.  The case of the Yucca plant and the Pronuba moth is a notable example of absolute interdependence, for which evolution has no adequate explanation.

            (16)  Every form of life on earth is highly specialized and "perfectly adapted" to its environment and to its place in life and for the purpose for which it was created.  The cactus in the desert, the eagle in the air, the tiger in the jungle, the whale in the sea, all function perfectly where they are.  No form of life on earth reveals any need whatever for evolution of any kind. ( See chapter 6).

            Moreover, we need, the economy of the world needs, every form of life just as it is and where it is.  We need cows, horses and dogs (basically, just as they are); we need camels for the desert.  We need the predatory animals to maintain "balance in nature."  Creation is the work of an all-wise Sovereign.

            (17)  The innumerable and highly complex "specialized organs," such as the eye and the ear, the sonar system of bats, the beak of the woodpecker, the tongue of a toad, the trunk of an elephant, the spinerettes of the spider, and mother's breast, are of such a nature that to be useful and functional they had to come into being at once, and could not have developed gradually through "chance mutations," "random changes," or "natural selection."  A partially developed "beak" or "tongue" or "eye" or "trunk" is a monstrosity nowhere found in nature, either living or in fossil form.  What good would a 20% developed beak do?  (See chapters 2, 8, 13).

            (18)  The persistence of type in all genera the world over is a phenomenon that baffles evolutionists.  Scientists tell us that ameba has been in existence for hundreds of millions of years; and amebas are still with us — as they were in the beginning!  And amebas still divide true to form to make other amebas.  Amebas always produce amebas; they never change.

            Experimenters for many years have worked with bacteria, the Drosopila (fruit-fly) and other forms of life, seeking to get them to change into another (higher) form of life, but they have not succeeded.  No one, working in the laboratory, has been able to change one genus into another.

            Scientists tell us that ants haven't changed appreciably for the last sixty million years!  (Chapter 8 gives many more examples of the "fixity of species).

            There is no evidence whatever of transformism — the transmutation, through evolution, of species, from one genus to another.

            (19)  The instinct which unerringly guides a bird, a whale, an eel and some fish, in their long and amazing migrations; and the instinct which enables a bird to build its own characteristic nest the first time it tries (without previous experience), the instinct that enables bees to build a perfect honeycomb, and a thousand other marvels in insect and animal life due to instinct — showing apparent intelligence, without having the actual, matching intelligence — is the work of a Master Designer.  He fully equipped all forms of life to enable each to survive in its own environment, and to serve, in some capacity, the economy of nature. (See chapters 8, 9, 10).

            The "social instinct" of bees and ants is most baffling — that is, if one denies special creation.  (See chapter 10).

            There are amazing forms of life — gifted by instinct — such as the hunting wasps, honeybees, social ants, penguins, crabs, spiders — and myriads of others — having abilities and characteristics far in excess of their humble station in life, which enables them to perform fantastically involved routines.  These routines could not be developed by "chance mutations" in a million ages!  (See chapters 8, 9, 10, 13).

            (20)  Birds: "Winged Wonders," by their well-designed anatomy, their nests, specialized organs such as their wings and beaks, and by their eggs and their songs, give abundant evidence of Divine creation.  (See chapter 9).

            Birds also show this:  to make a bird a flying creature, there had to be a radical "rebuilding" of the entire organism, rather than merely slow, minor changes here and there.  How can one account for the radical difference that exists between reptiles, with their heavy bones, heavy scales and entirely different anatomy, and the hollow bones of birds, their light feathers, and their body structure obviously planned for flying?  (Chapter 9).

            (21)  There are many highly complicated, mysterious processes in nature, such as photosynthesis, metamorphosis, the transmission of hereditary qualities and instincts through genes, and the amazing chemical processes in the organs and glands of animals and man, that cannot be explained by any theory of evolution, but demand the wisdom and skill of the Creator. (See chapters 11 and 12).

            (22)  The world is full of strange creatures that have specialized organs so involved, or instincts so amazing, or body plans so unusual, it is clear they must have been made as they are.  Some of these odd specimens are:

            The fantastic platypus, "killer plants," strange cicadas, the extremely odd "praying mantis," the oyster (the brainless wonder"), and thousands of others! (See chapters 8, 9, 12 and 13).

            (23)  The wonderful body, mind and soul of man give full proof of creation. (See chapter 11).

            (24)  Though most American scientists today are evolutionists, there are scores of able, honest scientists who either discredit evolution or raise questions about it.

            Such statements are scattered throughout the book.  See the Introduction for statements by Dr. Austin H. Clark, Prof., Richard Goldschmidt, and others.

            Not only do we affirm our faith in God as the Creator, but also in the Bible as the inspired Revelation from God, and in Christ as the unique Son of God, the Redeemer of mankind. 

ADDENDUM 

The Human Liver 

            Each second this amazing gland performs chemical magic almost beyond belief.  When needed for body energy the liver turns its ready supply of glycogen (animal starch) into glucose, food for muscles, and feeds it into the blood stream.  When muscles burn the glucose they produce lactic acid, which would poison the body if permitted to accumulate.  But the liver turns the lactic acid back into glycogen, so completing a health cycle, every step of which is vital to life and health.

            It is the liver that manufactures antibodies that fight invading viruses and bacteria.  When a person takes into his body potentially lethal poisons as alcohol, nicotine, drugs, etc., the liver detoxifies them and renders them less harmful. (See "What Your Liver Does For You" in "Today's Health," 12-'63). 

ENZYMES 

            "ENZYMES  are a manifestation of nature's impatience," writes Felix Wroblewski, in "Scientific American." 8-'61.  "Enzymes are catalysts; as such they serve to speed up the chemical reactions that constitute the processes of life, making reactions proceed spontaneously that might otherwise require a thousand years for completion! . . . Enzymes are secreted by the cells of the organs of the body, and (they) are highly specific to the function of that organ.  One complement of enzymes in lung tissue promotes the dissipation of carbon dioxide and the accumulation of oxygen: an entirely different enzyme system in the kidneys triggers the reactions that conserve sugar and discard urea.  Thus enzymes account in good measure for the growth, respiration, excretion, secretion and other processes that go on in the human body." 

            How truly wonderful!  The Master Physician has put in the body of man that He designed powerful catalysts that are harmless to the tissues of the body, and yet provoke reactions that, without their presence, would require up to a thousand years to take place.  Life would be utterly impossible without them.  This is a miracle of creation. 

OTHER MARVELS IN NATURE THAT DEMAND CREATION 

THE SKUNK — MASTER OF THE SCIENCE OF CHEMICAL WARFARE 

            Skunks are best known for their ability to emit a most malodorous secretion.  This secretion is released by two glands, one on each side of the digestive tract, in the form of a spray, which may be thrown ten feet.  This spray, made up of only a few drops, is so powerful that it can be smelled for more than half a mile in all directions; and the odor is so persistent, it takes weeks to completely dislodge it.  It is unique.

            No chain of animal life leads up to the skunk's chemical warfare plant.  It is new, it is different, yet it works! 

THE ANIMAL THAT EJECTS ITS STOMACH WHEN IT EATS 

            THE STARFISH — an echinoderm — wraps its arms about an oyster, attaches its tube feet to the shells, and starts pulling.  It keeps up the pulling until the oyster or clam is worn out, gives up, and the shells fall apart.  The starfish then performs one of the "most amazing acts in nature."  It pushes its stomach through its mouth, turning it inside out, wraps it about the soft body of the oyster.  The starfish remains in this peculiar state until the digestion of the oyster is partially complete.  It then retrieves its stomach and contents before moving on to the next victim.  Evolution could not produce such a unique stomach through long ages of gradual development. 

THE MIRACLE OF COMPLETE REGENERATION 

            If a starfish is cut into pieces and thrown back into the ocean, each piece will regenerate the missing parts and ultimately become a complete animal again!  This is multiplication — not by sex — but by regeneration from parts, a miracle of Divine creation. 

HOW THE WHALE FEEDS HER YOUNG 

            A young whale at birth is almost half as long as its mother — one of the biggest babies in the world!  Young whales are fed on milk.  Since the teats on the mother are on the under surface of her body, and the young whale breathes air, it was a mystery how the young whale could suckle without drowning.  Now we know.

            At feeding time the huge mother rolls over on her side to bring the nipples close to the surface of the water.  The young whale then grasps one of the nipples in its mouth.  Its nostrils remain above the water.  Special muscles in the mother whale pump the milk down its throat, which relieves the baby of the pulling effort which might cause it to gulp too much water, and drown.

            This is a creative miracle showing the wisdom and power of our God.  If, by chance, this unique system had to be developed gradually each whale offspring would have drowned. 

WHY WHALES CAN DIVE DEEP 

            Protected from the terrific pressure of the water by a layer of fat or blubber sometimes 20 inches thick just beneath the skin, whales were created so that they can dive to tremendous depths.  It is believed they can dive to depths well over 4,000 feet!  It is well known that "surface" fish die if they go deep into the ocean, and deep sea fish die if they come to the surface.  The whale can do both.  This could not have developed gradually, for each whale would have died, without the fat layer, every time it tried it.  God made it so! 

FRESH-WATER EELS THAT BREED IN THE OCEAN 

            Whereas salmon, an ocean fish, breed in fresh water, eels reverse the procedure and breed in the ocean.

            Fresh-water eels become mature when several years old.  Shortly thereafter they start downstream toward the ocean.    Huge numbers congregate in a common breeding ground in the Atlantic Ocean near Bermuda.  Here the adults spawn. . . .and die within a short time.  The egg hatches, not into a respectable looking eel, but into a curious flattened leaf-like creature called a larva; eel.  It differs so radically from the adult eel that it was regarded for a long time as a different kind of fish.  The larvae eventually find their way back to shore, but before they can enter fresh water they must change into another larvel form called an elver.  The elvers swim up the streams and remain in fresh water until they become mature. 

Difference Between American and European Eels

            Here is one of the oddest facts in all nature.  Curiously enough, the American and European eels, although different species, use the same general breeding grounds.  Yet the two species remain distinct.

            An American eel has never been found in European waters and a European eel has never been found in American waters.  This is the reason: The larva of the American eel takes only a year to develop into an elver, but the European eel larva takes about three years to attain this same stage.  WHY?  It takes about one year for the American eel to reach American fresh waters and about three years for the European larva to reach the European fresh waters.  Were an European eel larva to swim toward America, it would reach fresh water before it was ready — and would die.  If an American larva were to swim toward Europe it would turn into an elver too soon — and it would perish in mid-ocean.

            Who designed these two similar but different eels?  Who gave them the instinct to swim the right direction, after they emerged from the egg into a "curious flattened leaf-like creature called a larval eel?"  No one can solve such mysteries; but we who believe in Divine creation have the logical explanation: God made them so.

OTHER MIRACLES OF CREATION

              Who created the unique "chisel teeth" of the beaver, that enables it to bring down "a tree five inches in diameter, within three minutes?"  Here is a practical organ (chisel teeth) that could not have developed gradually, for there would be no incentive or purpose for them until they were completed and usable.

            Who put those strange quills into the porcupine's skin — quills so vastly different from hair or feathers, scales or shell.  By no possible route could unguided "Evolution" have produced such queer things as quills, by either natural selection, survival of the fittest, or by chance mutations.

            Who designed the Forked Reproductive Organs of the Opossum, making it impossible for any animal, except the male opossum, to impregnate the female opposum?  In this case, God, the Creator, has shown to all what is not quite as evident in some forms of His creation, that He intended the opossum to reproduce "after his kind" as He said of all His creation (see Gen. 1:11, 24, 25). 

UNBELIEVABLY SMALL FISH 

            Who designed the Ocean Sunfish — large fish — with eggs and new-born young so astonishingly small?  The eggs, which are only about one-twentieth of an inch in diameter, hatch into small fish one-tenth of an inch in length.  These tiny fry grow into adults which may be over 8 feet long! Only Supreme Intelligence can perform a miracle like that!

            There is probably a greater size difference between the young and adult of ocean sunfish than between the young and adult of any other animal. 

THE DISCOVERER OF "ZINJANTHROPUS" NOW "DISOWNS" "ZINJ" 

            Thousands of people have been confused — to say at least — by the profuse claims of L. B. S. Leakey, British archeologist, that his find, "Zinjanthropus", said to be 1.75 million years old, was an ancestor, in a direct line, of modern man.  Now he overthrows his whole theory (though he does not turn from evolution).  Here is the unbelievable statement in the May, '64, "Scientific American."

            After stating he had "discovered in Africa the bones of creatures he regards as the earliest men, for whom he has proposed the name homo habilis,"  L. S. B. Leakey, British paleontologist, announced "that he has abandoned his earlier opinion that Zinjanthropus, a 'manlike creature' whose bones he found in Africa in 1959, was on the line of evolution to man.  A more recent find of a specimen about 200,000 years younger indicates, he said, that Zinjanthropus, did not continue evolving toward man."

            And so, as nonchalantly as changing coats, this evolutionist discards his theoretical "baby" — Zinj — and adopts another brainchild as his present favorite.  How can the public have any confidence in a "scholar" as changeable as that!  How much better to depend on the clear teachings of the bible: "So God created man in His own image and likeness." (Genesis 1:26, 27). 

NEW "MIRACLES" DISCOVERED IN "NATURE'S MOST ASTONISHING ANIMAL, THE BEE"  

            IN THE JUNE, '66 issue of Reader's Digest is an article by Jean George, condensed from "Frontiers."  It reveals some of the "1001" miracles in bees and in beehives.  It is of absorbing interest, for it shows God as the Master Workman, though the article does not give God the credit for these miracles — but we do. 

            "Most of the other 20,000 to 40,000 bees in an individual hive are 'workers' who perform a variety of specific tasks.  One is nursing, feeding protein-rich 'bee milk' — formed by special glands in the nurse bee's head — to the queen and the larvae.  Making wax is another.  In this process, the bees eat honey which is converted by special glands into beeswax."

            By what mighty miracle were bees given a "chemical lab" in the head that makes "bee milk?"  And other bees are given another type of "chemical lab" that turns honey into beeswax? "Evolution" does not possess the necessary legerdemain to perform such wonders!  Only GOD can create such minute "chemical factories" that work with unfailing precision — and all of its secrets are wrapped up in the infinitestimal "genes" of the bee!

            Who taught these bees to "chew and fashion the wax into six-sided cells which form the combs?"  Only an infinite God could give such small animals the "know-how" for such abilities!

            "Some workers act as hive guards, admitting only foragers that belong to the hive — they are recognised by odor, scented through the 12,000 scent organs on the antennae.  Strange bees are killed on the spot."  Who designed the intricate "scent" system that demands "12,000 special scent organs?"  Such wonders can not be accounted for on the basis of either "chance" or "evolution."  The theories of evolution show themselves to be mere nonsense: a vain effort to deny God.

 THE MIRACLE OF "ROTATION" DISCOVERED

              In recent years, most astonishing discoveries pertaining to bee hives have been discovered.

            "In 1925 a German scientist, G. A. Rosch, had a hunch that the age of the bees had something to do work their work."  He marked certain bees, and soon discovered that the age of the bee and "her physical development correlated with her job.  In early life, these marked bees were seen to have "enlarged pharyngeal or bee-milk glands" that lie in front of the brain.  This bee is physically a 'nurse.'  But in a few days, these marked 'nurse' bees abandoned their original charges and began to feed the young larvae. . . .As days passed, the marked bees gave up their nursing duties and began taking nectar from the foragers and storing it.  Examination showed that their bee-milk glands had begun to degenerate, and (now) the honey sacs in their bellies were filled with nectar.  Their mean age was 11 days.  Around the 15th day, these (same) bees began making wax.  The microscope showed that their bodies had changed once more to fit the job — their wax-making glands were highly developed.

            On the 18th day, the bees did guard duty; after the 21st day, their glands ceased to function.  Now the bees became foragers.  Rosch found that worker bees died when they were around 38 days old."

            What an astonishing miracle is this!  The bee, every few days, is given a "new chemical lab" to fit its new duties, in a cycle of service that at most lasts only about 5 weeks!  Since the majority of scientists of the world won't give God any credit, it is up to Christians to shout out His praises and call attention to the fact that in creation, as well as in redemption, God is MOST WONDERFUL, and is eternally worthy of all  the praise we can heap on Him!  "let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord.  Praise ye the Lord."  (Psalms 150:6). 

HOW THE LITTLE "BOMBARDIER BEETLE" DISPROVES THE ENTIRE THEORY OF EVOLUTION.

By Robert E. Kofahl, Ph. D., Pres. Highland College, Pasadena, California.

            There is no question but that one of the greatest difficulties with the theory of evolution has been the failure to demonstrate or discover a practical genetic mechanism for the alleged evolutionary development.  The most widely accepted mechanism proposes many successive small changes brought about through the observed genetic process called mutation, the useful changes being preserved and promoted and the disadvantageous changes being rejected by means of "natural selection," or some as yet undiscerned influence.

            According to this hypothesis, mutation from genes produces in a population of animals an occasional offspring having a slight difference from the parents.  If the difference is advantageous, natural selection will cause the individuals having the difference to survive and propagate more effectively, and thus the advantageous change will gradually spread throughout the entire population.  The first difficulty with this proposed mechanism is that the vast majority of observed mutations are lethal or disadvantageous.  The second difficulty is that, even given advantageous mutations, living plants and animals today provide thousands of examples of features which could not possibly have developed by such a process of gradual change. 

THE BOMBARDIER BEETLE 

            A remarkable example came to my attention in Time Magazine for Nov. 24, 1961.  Time reported the research of German chemist Dr. Hermann Schildknecht into the surprising capabilities of the little bombardier beetle or brachinus.  This beetle, widespread throughout the world, has enemies among the ants.  When attacked brachinus points two little tubes in his tail at the enemy, a miniature explosion is heard, and noxious fumes are blasted into the attacker's face.  Dr. Schildknecht dissected the little beetles and found them to contain two sets of glands, storage sacks, combustion chambers, and tubes.  The glands produce a liquid which is stored in the sacks and forced into the combustion chambers when needed.  An immediate explosion ensues which forces the products through the tubes.

            Microchemical analysis of the liquid reveals it to consist of 10% hydroquinones and 23% hydrogen peroxide — a fantastic mixture from a chemist's point of view, for such a mixture explodes in a test tube.  But the wise beetle stores the mixture with an inhibitor which is not neutralized until the liquid reaches the combustion chamber.

            This story in Time was so fantastic that I could not give it full credence until I went to the library and checked the original scientific article in Angewandte Chemie, the German "applied chemistry" magazine.

            Now, you see, no process of gradual change from generation to generation, could possibly create such an apparatus, for the intermediate stages would be of no use to the beetle at best, and would be downright dangerous to the beetle if he made the slightest mistake.  Not until the entire apparatus had been evolved and the precise chemical composition of the liquid arrived at would the arrangement have any practical value to the beetle.  Therefore, mutations which might lead successive generations toward the useless intermediate stages, having no survival value, would consequently be removed from the population by the hypothesized natural selection process.

            We do not believe that supporters of evolution can advance any practical process for the evolutionary development of such living things as the bombardier beetle.  It is our position that this creature and thousands of others are unanswerable evidences supporting not evolution, but rather the Biblical record of special creation by our mighty and all-wise Creator God.   

DARWIN AND THE "STENDUS" BEETLES 

            On the windy island of Maderia many species of beetles have adapted to their surroundings by partially or totally losing their wings.  Thus they are less susceptible to being blown off the island by the wind.  Charles Darwin in his "Origin of the Species" calls these beetles to the support of his theory of evolution.  However, he does not point out that they are beetles still, and that the loss of wings is a degenerative not a creative process.

            The Stenus bipunctatus beetle is ready, however, to give spectacular testimony against Darwin's theory.  This particular beetle possesses organs for which Darwin and his fellow evolutionists have no rational scheme of evolutionary origin.

            Stenus bipunctatus is a beetle which Darwin should have known.  This little water insect, only a quarter of an inch long, has a sophisticated defense mechanism.  Stenus bipunctatus scampers around on the surface of pools of water as does his chief enemy, the fast, long-legged water strider.  For over half a century entomologists have observed that Stenus bipunctatus, when pursued by the water strider, can put on a remarkable burst of speed for distances up to 45 feet.  German scientists Karl Linsenmair and Dr. Rudolph Jander recently discovered the reason for this high speed capability (Time," Sept. 25, 1964).  Stenus bipunctatus, when in danger, squirts out a charge of liquid detergent from a pair of abdominal glands.  As the detergent breaks the surface tension of the water, a small wave is produced which propels the beetle forward at much above normal speed.  The water strider, if he skids into the detergent-treated area, immediately sinks because of the broken surface tension.

            According to presently accepted evolutionary theory, new organs or new species of animals are produced over periods of millions of years by means of accidental minute changes which occur in a few offspring in each generation through gene mutations.  Some of these spontaneous and completely random changes are supposedly advantageous and others disadvantageous for the individual creature.  Those creatures born with advantageous changes are better able to survive and reproduce, and so their new characteristics proliferate in the population.  This so-called "natural selection" is popularly termed "survival of the fittest."

            Now according to the theory, Stenus bipunctatus evolved from beetles having no detergent propulsion system.  The process progressed through countless generations of beetles, as minute changes due to mutations were preserved by natural selection and built up into the new organs (with corresponding instincts evolving concurrently until the completed apparatus was ready to use).  Now the unsolvable problem for the evolutionist lies in the fact that in their own theory each minute change by mutation is selected only if it is advantageous for the creature, but the projected new organs are of no use or advantage until they are complete and accompanied with proper instincts for use.  Thus, mutations which might lead successive generations through the useless intermediate stages, having no survival value, would consequently be removed from the population by the hypothesized natural selection.  Hence the postulated evolutionary development would not occur.

NOTES FROM A RECENT RELEASE OF THE BRITISH "EVOLUTION PROTEST MOVEMENT"  

            (1)  WHY CAN SEA GULLS DRINK SO MUCH SALT WATER AND SURVIVE?  

            WRITING ABOUT SEA GULLS (11-20-'65) in the Daily Telegraph's "Nature Notes," Dr. Maurice Burton says:  "The amount of sea water a gull can drink would be the equivalent of two gallons to a man; but to a man, one-tenth of this amount would cause collapse through dehydration of the tissues.  The secret of the gull's ability to survive drinking salt water lies in a pair of glands in the head, situated just above the eyes.  They were long ago noted by anatomists, but their function was not elucidated until a few years ago.  Each gland consists of thousands of minute tubes arranged like the bristles on a bottle brush.  Where the handle of the brush would be is a central tube communicating with the nasal cavity.  A rich supply of fine blood vessels surrounds the gland, which extracts the salt from the blood.  The salt is then lost in water drops from the tip of the beak, each drop many times more salty than tears, five times as salty as the gull's own blood and twice as salty as sea water." 

            So, God Himself devised a practical desalinating device that works — and has since He originally created the sea gull.  Isn't it wonderful what miracles God has wrought in nature?  He has made each creation to survive in its own particular environment.

            (2)  Evolutionists Wrong Again:  the PINEAL GLAND is not a "Vestigial Remainder."  Modern research continues to reveal more and more marvels in the human body.  In the "Medical News" (10-29-'65) are paragraphs on "The Pineal Gland, which has now been established beyond all doubt as a gland — whereas up to a few years ago it was declared to be 'a merely useless vestigial remainder.'  R. J. Wurtman, M.D., Dept., of Health, Bethesda, Md., USA, writes in Research Review (page 12):  'New and abundant information available on the anatomy, biochemistry, and physiology of the mammalian pineal gland suggests that, so far from being only a vestigial of the amphibial "third eye," the mammalian pineal is an active neuro-endocrine organ which participates in the endocrine responses to such environmental stimuli as light.'  The whole article is interesting."

            (3)  The Basic Pattern of the Atom.  There is a fascinating article in "The Listener" (Nov., 25, '65), on "The Pattern of Matter," by Prof., P. T. Matthews, F. R. S., at Imperial Collage, London.  In September of last year, 600 physicists from all over the world met in Oxford for a conference on elementary particles.  "The main conclusion of the conference was that this is a totally misleading title for the subject — further confirming our frequent contention that there has been no evolution 'from the simple to the complex.'  For, in fact, nothing is simple — and complex little things are all the more remarkable.  The physicist has taken the atom to pieces to find protons (composing the nucleus) and electrons — negatively charged, orbiting about the positively charged nucleus.  The protons attract the electrons, but they repel each other.  But let us note the implications of the descriptive names given to these smaller and smaller parts and powers.  'Atom' originally meant 'un-cut-up-able,' irreducible; then the ;nucleus' (or little 'nut') inside the shell of the atom meant the 'kernel' (cf. 'corn'); when, however, the nucleus itself was found to be complex, the basis of it was called 'proton' — i.e. 'first, original, starting point.'  Now, as Rutherford showed, the radius of the nucleus is one ten-thousandth of that of the atom, it follows that the repulsion between the protons is 100,000,000 times bigger than the attraction between the protons and the electrons.  But in spite of this the nucleus of closely packed positive charges is a very stable structure, unchanged by the most violent chemical reaction.  Hence, there must be a completely new, very powerful specifically nuclear force which operates between protons at the tiny nuclear distances — about a million-millionth of a centimetre.

            "In the atom-crashing and smashing cyclotrons, within the last few years, about 100 recognizable and reproduceable sub-nuclear particles have been found — but in the past 18 months there has started to emerge from this chaos, order, warranting the 'unitary theory,' which suggests that the fundamental pattern of matter is itself a triangle, representing just three basic particles:  Protons, electrons, and the nucleus."

            This is of vast interest to Bible students, for creation, no doubt is the "shadow" of the Creator — and in the Bible we read that the fundamental nature of God is a Tri-unity. 

            Were the whole story to be told, of why we believe in CREATION, NOT EVOLUTION, it would take tens of thousands of volumes, so great are the creative miracles of our God.  Do not rob Him of the glory due His Name.

 THE END.         

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